Over the years, EastEnders generally has a number of older residents who are used to show vulnerability, nostalgia, firm-like attributes and are sometimes used for comical purposes. Seniors included Lou Beale (Anna Wing), Ethel Skinner (Gretchen Franklin) and Dot Cotton (June Brown). Over the years, they were created by the likes of Mo Butcher (Edna Doré), Jules Tavernier (Tommy Eytle), Marge Green (Pat Coombs), Nellie Ellis (Elizabeth Kelly), Jim Branning (John Bardon), Charlie Slater (Derek Martin), Mo Harris (Laila Morse), Patrick Trueman (Rudolph Walker), Cora Cross (Ann Mitchell), Les Coker (Roger Sloman), Rose Cotton (Polly Perkins), Pam Coker (Lin Blakley), Stan Carter (Timothy West) , Babe Smith (Annette Badland), Claudette Hubbard (Ellen Thomas), Sylvie Carter (Linda Marlowe), Ted Murray (Christopher Timothy), Joyce Murray (Maggie Steed), Arshad Ahmed (Madhav Sharma) and Mariam Ahmed (Indira Joshi). More recently, more successful young and young adults have been admitted to the show to win over younger television audiences.   This has attracted criticism, notably from actress Anna Wing, who played Lou Beale in the show. She commented: “I don`t want to be unfaithful, but I think you need a few mature people in a soap because they give it spine and body… When all the captains are young, it will be a little thin and inexperienced. It`s too easy.  In 1916, shortly after Sykes and Picot had reached their agreement, the British began discussions with the Zionists, culminating in the late 1917 Balfour Declaration, in which the British promised the Zionists a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Mesopotamia was home to several powerful empires that ruled almost the entire Middle East – especially the Assyrian empires of 1365-1076 BC. and the Neo-Assyrian Empire of 911-605 BC.C. The Assyrian Empire, at its peak, was the largest the world had ever seen.
It has dominated everything that is now Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Kuwait, Jordan, Egypt, Cyprus and Bahrain, along with much of Iran, Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Sudan and Arabia. “The Assyrian empires, especially the third, have had a profound and lasting influence on the Middle East. Before the end of Assyrian hegemony, the Assyrians brought the highest civilization in the known world at the time. From the Caspian to Cyprus, from Anatolia to Egypt, the Assyrian imperial expansion would bring nomadic and barbarian communities into the Assyrian sphere and give them the gift of civilization.  In the early 2010s, a revolutionary wave, commonly known as the Arab Spring, sparked widespread protests, uprisings and revolutions in several Middle Eastern countries, followed by civil wars in Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Libya. In 2014, a terrorist group and a self-proclaimed caliphate, known as the Islamic State, made rapid territorial gains in western Iraq and eastern Syria, triggering international military intervention. At its peak, the group controlled an area estimated at 2.8 to 8 million, 98% of whom were lost by December 2017.