Relations between the European Union (EU) and Japan date back to 1959. You have a strong commercial relationship, especially on investment flows.   Total trade in services between the EU and Japan accounts for around 35% of total trade in goods between the EU and Japan. At the same time, EU services exports to Japan account for around 50% of EU goods exports to the country. In Japan, activity or investment can be a challenge for European companies due to the characteristics of Japanese society and the Japanese economy. Although cultural and non-economic relations with Western Europe increased considerably in the 1980s, the Economic Nexus remained by far the most important element of Japan-West relations throughout the decade. For most Japanese commentators, events in Western European relations, as well as political, economic and even military affairs, have been a topic that has worried most Japanese commentators because of their immediate impact on Japan. The main topics discussed were the impact of the forthcoming Western European Economic Association on trade, investment and other opportunities offered by Japan in Western Europe. Some Western European leaders sought to restrict Japanese access to the newly integrated European Union (until November 1993, the European Community), but others appeared open to Japanese trade and investment. In partial response to the strengthening of economic relations among Western European nations and the North American Free Trade Agreement between the United States, Canada and Mexico, Japan and other countries along the Asia-Pacific region began to move towards increased economic cooperation in the late 1980s. In 1987, the Government of Japan (METI) and the European Commission (Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry) established the EU-Japan Centre for Industrial Cooperation, a non-profit organisation that aims to improve all forms of cooperation between Japan and the EU in the fields of industry, trade and investment. On 18 After several months of difficult negotiations, Japanese Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu signed a joint declaration with the Dutch Prime Minister and President of the European Council, Ruud Lubbers, and with the President of the European Commission, Jacques Delors, during which he strengthened consultations between Japan and the European Community on external relations, scientific and technological cooperation and support for E has not been in the state.
and efforts to reduce trade conflicts. Officials at japan`s foreign ministry hoped the agreement would help expand political relations between Japan and the European Community and raise them beyond the narrow confines of trade disputes. It can be difficult for European companies to do business and invest in Japan and there have been some trade disputes between the two sides. However, the slowdown in the Japanese economy has encouraged them to become more open to business and investment in the EU.  The focus is on opening up investment flows in the work on removing barriers to trade.  Between 2009 and 2019, trade figures became more balanced, with the EU`s merchandise trade deficit with Japan increasing from â‚¬18 billion in 2009 to â‚¬2 billion in 2019. . . .